The Max-Defense System controls microorganisms without chemical poisoning. Instead it relies on electrically charged particles that have a unique spiked molecular structure. The silane base of this spike forms a covalent bond with virtually any surface and locks it, in turn, to each adjoining molecule. In nature, bacteria, mold, and fungi carry the opposite negative electrical charge—so they are physically and irresistibly drawn into contact with the anti-microbial treatment. The physical contact punctures the cell walls of the offending microbes. These molecular spikes are undetectable to human touch, but are highly effective against most molds, fungi, and bacteria. Properly applied our treatment bonds on hard and soft surfaces for up to one year in most areas and provides a long-term deterrent to microbial conditions.